Every person with POTS is different. In dysautonomia, the person can suffer from a wide range of symptoms. One of the hallmark symptoms of POTS is orthostatic intolerance, a physiological problem resulting in gravity pulling blood to the lower body when standing that can result in dizziness, light-headedness, and fainting.For individuals with well controlled symptoms, no accommodations may be necessary for employment. For those with more severe POTS, symptoms can occur sporadically (when moving from sitting to standing) or be present constantly. These employees might require accommodations in the workplace or be better suited for work that they can do at their own pace at home.
It is important for individuals with POTS to consider employment opportunities that are conducive to their particular POTS symptoms. Jobs that can be done while sitting might reduce symptomatic flares. Large and/or government companies often have target numbers for disabled employees and might be more willing to provide the flexibility that you need to deal with your illness.
Thinking about Work Accommodations
Choosing to disclose whether you have a disability on an employment application is a personal decision. You are not required by law to disclose medical information. Federal law states that employers may not disqualify you as an applicant due to POTS or any other health condition. If you are able to work, carefully consider whether this disclosure is necessary during the application process.
In the workplace, all applicants and employees should have equal access to benefits that are available to others. If you are looking for a job or needing accommodations as your health changes, you will need to ask your employer for that accommodation. This might be as simple as asking for frequent breaks, lighting adjustments, a temperature controlled workplace, or access to medications and liquids as needed. Others might include flexibility to work from home on days when you are highly symptomatic or to take time away from work to seek medical treatment. People with moderate to severe POTS may require periodic hospitalization to control symptoms, and flexibility for medical leaves is more important.
Remember that employers don’t have to provide accommodations that pose undue hardship to the company. Companies have the option to choose accommodations that meet your needs. Employers are not required to remove essential functions, create new positions, or lower standards as an accommodation. If your employer doesn't feel that you can manage the essential functions of the position, they have the right to hire another applicant.
Working from Home
If you feel that working from home might be a better option for you, these websites offer a variety of job opportunities with flexibility. While this may help with issues of orthostatic intolerance, flexibility still needs to be negotiated for days when your symptoms are flaring or your brain fog is particularly thick.
Not Everyone with POTS Can Work
While the severity of POTS symptoms varies, unfortunately 25% of individuals with POTS can’t physically work at all and may apply for medical disability. Many researchers compare the physical effects of POTS to having congestive heart failure or chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD). Managing the normal tasks of adulthood are difficult enough without adding a debilitating, chronic illness like POTS. Because a person with POTS uses three times more energy to stand than normal, even minor movements can increase symptoms and make employment challenging at best. If working regular hours is not possible, you might consider applying for disability.